A war more deadly than Iraq



エイミー・グッドマン シンジケート・コラムニスト

Syndicate 組織管理する、連盟化する、などの意味syndicatedは組織化された、連盟化された。syndicated columnistは出版物、テレビ、ラジオなどの組織を通して寄稿するコラムニストと言う意味。

It's the deadliest conflict since World War II. More than 5 million people have died in the past decade, yet it goes virtually unnoticed and unreported in the United States.


The conflict is in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in Central Africa. At its heart are the natural resources found in Congo and multinational corporations that extract them. The prospects for peace have slightly improved: A peace accord was just signed in Congo's Eastern Kivu provinces. But without a comprehensive truth and reconciliation process for the entire country and a renegotiation of all mining contracts, the suffering will undoubtedly continue.


In its latest Congo mortality report, the International Rescue Committee found that a stunning 5.4 million "excess deaths" have occurred in Congo since 1998. These are deaths beyond those that would normally occur. In other words, a loss of life on the scale of Sept. 11 occurring every two days, in a country whose population is one-sixth our own.


Just a little history: After supporting the allies in World War II, Congo gained independence and elected Patrice Lumumba, a progressive Pan-Africanist, as prime minister in 1960. He was assassinated soon after in a plot involving the CIA. The U.S. installed and supported Mobutu Sese Seko, who ruled tyrannically for more than 30 years, plundering the nation. Since his death, Congo has seen war, from 1996 to 2002, provoked by invasions by neighboring Rwanda and Uganda, and ongoing conflict since then.


A particularly horrifying aspect of the conflict is the mass sexual violence being used as a weapon of war. Congolese human rights activist Christine Schuler Deschryver told me about the hundreds of thousands of women and children subjected to rape:

この紛争で特に残酷な面は集団性暴力が武器として使われている事だ。コンゴの人権擁護活動家Christine Deschryverクリスティン・シューラー・デスクライヴァーは“数十万に上る女性や子供達がレイプの対象になっている。〟と私に述べている。

"We are not talking about normal rapes anymore. We are talking about sexual terrorism, because they are destroyed -- you cannot imagine what's going on in Congo. We are talking about new surgery to repair the women, because they're completely destroyed." She was describing the physical damage done to the women, and to children, one, shesaid, as young as 10 months old, by acts of rape that involve insertion of sticks, guns and molten plastic. Deschryver was in the U.S. as a guest of V-Day, Eve Ensler's campaign to end violence against women, in an attempt to generate public awareness of this genocide and to support the Panzi Hospital in Deschryver's hometown of Bukavu.


V-day は victory day 勝利の日普通は第二次対戦で連合国が日本ドイツに勝利を収めた日のこと。略してV-day. Valentine’s day御存知ヴァレンタインズデイも略してV-day.此処では女性に対しての暴力に打ち勝つ為のV-dayなのでしょう。

Maurice Carney is executive director of Friends of the Congo, in Washington, D.C.: "Two types of rape, basically, are taking place in the Congo: One is the rape of the women and children, and the other the rape of the land, natural resources. The Congo has tremendous natural resources: 30 percent of the world's cobalt, 10 percent of the world's copper, 80 percent of the world's reserves of coltan. You have to look at the corporate influence on everything that takes place in the Congo."

(You have to look at ~~あなた方は~~しなければならない。と言う表現はWe have to~~我々は~~しなければならないと言う言い方も出来る。日本語では。この訳文の様に我々とかあなた達とか言う主語が無いのが普通です。直訳は“あなたは企業の影響をコンゴで起こっている事全てに見なければならない。”)

Among the companies Carney blames for fueling the violence are Cleveland-based OM Group, the world's leading producer of cobalt-based specialty chemicals and a leading supplier of nickel-based specialty chemicals, as well as Boston-based chemical giant Cabot Corp. Cabot produces coltan, also known as tantalum, a hard-to-extract but critical component of electronic circuitry, which is used in all cell phones and other consumer electronics. The massive demand for coltan is credited with fueling the Second Congo War of 1998-2002. Cabot's former CEO is none other than the Bush administration's current secretary of energy, Samuel Bodman. Phoenix-based Freeport-McMoRan, which took over Phelps-Dodge's enormous mining concession in the Congo, is also in on the game.


The United Nations has issued several reports that are highly critical of illegal corporate exploitation of the Congo's minerals. A Congolese government review of more than 60 mining contracts call for their renegotiation or outright cancellation. Says Carney, "Eighty percent of the population live on 30 cents a day or less, with billions of dollars going out the back door and into the pockets of mining companies." An important question for us in the U.S. is, How could close to 6 million people die from war and disease in one country in less than a decade and go virtually unnoticed?


Amy Goodman is the host of "Democracy Now!," a daily international TV/radio news hour.

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テーマ : 英語 - ジャンル : 学問・文化・芸術